Person NameLea; Arthur Sheridan (1853-1915); Dr; University Lecturer; Researcher in Chemical Physiology; author
ForenamesArthur Sheridan
EpithetUniversity Lecturer; Researcher in Chemical Physiology; author
ActivityArthur Sheridan Lea was born on 1st December 1853 in New York. His father, having lived in America for several years, subsequently returned to England and settled in Liverpool where Lea attended the Royal Institution School. In 1872 he went up to Trinity College, Cambridge, having obtained a school scholarship in Classics and Mathematics. He was awarded a First Class degree in the Natural Sciences Tripos in 1875. He was awarded a Sc.D (Doctor of Science) in 1886. He became lecturer in Physiology and Assistant Tutor at Gonville and Caius College in 1881. He became Demonstrator of Physiology and University Lecturer in 1884, was elected a Fellow of the College in 1885 and was its Bursar from 1886 to 1888. He was instrumental in establishing an advanced course in Physiological Chemistry at the University. Of particular note was the research he carried out into the working of the pancreas, in association with Willelm Kühne, a German physiologist based in Heidelberg. Lea suffered from a progressive disease of the spine which eventually forced him to abandon his research and gradually curtailed all other activities. He had led an active life, having been a keen sailor and marksman (the latter as a Captain in the Volunteer Force). A gifted musician, he had founded the Cambridge Musical Club. He retired to Sidcup in Kent in 1889. He still stayed connected with Physiological research and corrected the proofs of the later editions of Huxley’s Lessons in Physiology’ and Smith’s ‘Veterinary Physiology’. He wrote about the chemical aspects of physiology initially as an appendix to Foster’s Textbook of Physiology but this was eventually published for the fifth edition in 1892 as a separate volume, ‘The Chemical Basis of the Animal Body’ need link. He died on 23rd March 1915. He left a wife and a son, the latter having been given Lea’s enthusiastic approval to apply for a commission in the Army at the outbreak of the war.
RelationshipsMarried, with one son
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